Tuesday, July 24, 2012

English Course to Learn (ေလ့လာလိုုသူမ်ားအတြက္ မွတ္စု)

Basic Sentence Patterns 
                        1. Noun  +  Verb  + Noun
                        2. Noun  +  Verb
                        3. Noun  +  Linking Verb  +  Adjective
                        4. Noun  +  Linking Verb  +  Noun

(Pattern 1)

1.         Noun  +          Verb    +          Noun

            The villagers    killed               a tiger.
            My friend        takes                exercise.
            They                have                 lunch.
            I                       have                a  dog.
            she                   takes               my book.


Transitive Verb(v.t)                          Intransitive Verb (v.i)
uHvdk }ud,m                                 uHrvdk }ud,m
                        made                           arrive
                        cost                              go
                        do                                struggle

                                    Pattern (1)

1. Noun                +        Verb  +      Noun
The workers                made                           a desk.
The wallet                   costs                            5 Rupees.
The students                do                                homework.
The teacher                  restores                        money.
My friend                    ignores                         her.
My parents                  love                             me.
Maung Mya                 adore                           Ma Hla.

Shalini                         pities                            me.

                        Pattern (2)

2.       Noun          +       Verb
            I                                   swim.
            The children                sleep.
            The soldiers                 laughed.
            The students                arrived.
            The people                   struggle.

                                    Pattern (3)

3. Noun  +  Linking Verb  +  Adjective

            Linking Verbs -------   (a) am, is, are, was, were
                                                (b) become, seem, appear, feel, look, get, keep

Noun  +                      Linking Verb             +          Adjective

1.      I                             am                                           hungry.
2.      Ma Hal                  is                                              beautiful.
3.      The soldiers           are                                           brave.
4.      The old woman     becomes                                  weak.
5.      My father              seems                                       happy.
6.      This room              appears                                    large.
7.      The boy                 feels                                         sorry.
8.      The room               looks                                        nice.
9.      She                        gets                                          sick.
10.  We                         keep                                         clean.
11.  She                        stays                                        calm.
12.  This                       sounds                                     good.
13.  He                                     plays                                        well.
14.  Naw Naw              cooks                                       well.
15.  That                       sounds                                     bad.
16.  She                        sleeps                                       well.
17.  I                             think                                        different.
18.  They                      stand                                       still.
19.  They                      talk                                          opposite.
20.  The student           try                                            hard.
21.  The boys                feel                                          free.
22.  I                             want                                        more.
23.  I                             feel                                          terrible.
24.  I                             keep                                         the faith
25.  You                       keep                                         your words.
26.  Michael                 looks                                        great.

                                    Pattern (4)

4. Noun  +  Linking  Verb  +  Noun

            Linking Verb ------      (a) am, is, are, was, were
                                                (b) become

Noun  +          Linking  Verb            +  Noun

My friend        is                      a soldier.
The villagers    are                   farmers.
Seeing                         is                      believing.
Mg Mg            becomes          a doctor.

Adjective Phrase/ Adverb Phrase of Place
(Noun) emrfudk txl;jyKaom /  (Verb) }ud,mudk txl;jyKaom


Prepositions ------ at, in, on, with, without, of, under, over, above, beside, below, across,                        ------- through, behind, between, from, for, inside, outside, indoor, outdoor

in the room,                            
on the table
between the two trees
under the ceiling
at the market
behind the house
beside the school
of the book

Noun                             Verb                     Noun          ( P-1)

The man                                  saw                              a tiger.
The man in the green coat     saw                              a tiger in the jungle.
               Adjective Phrase                                                   Adjective Phrase

My mother                              carried                         water.
My mother with long hair       carried                        water from the well.
                  Adjective Phrase                                              Adjective Phrase
The villagers                            arrested                       a thief.
The villagers with knives        arrested                       a thief with a stolen property.
                    Adjective Phrase                                               Adjective Phrase


1.         Noun               +                      Verb    +         Noun

(a)        The soldiers                             killed               the students.
            The soldiers with rifles           killed               the students from Rangoon.

(c)        The advocate                           writes             a letter.
            The advocate inside the office writes                        a letter for his party.

(d)       My mother                                          cooks               food.
            My mother with gold bracelet           cooks               food for me.

(e)        The teacher                                          has       a laptop computer.
            The teacher among the students        has       a laptop computer in white colour.

(f)        The Police                                           drinks              beer.
            The Police in the blue uniform          drinks              beer with tiger brand.

(g)        The policemen                                    beat     demonstrators.
            The policemen             at the crossroad         beat     demonstrators from university.

(h)        My dog                                   bites                 a girl.
            My dog with a long tail         bites                 a girl from  nabouring house.

(i)         The thief                                              stole                 my money.
            The thief between the two trees        stole                 my money in the safe.

(j)         My sister                                             eats                  a cake.
            My sister in her red dress                  eats                  a cake from Taung Gyi.

2.                     Noun    +                     Verb

(a)                    The student                                         went.
                        The student from Grade 3                 went outside.
(b)                    My teacher                                          came.
                        My teacher on the second floor         came down.
(c)                    The dog                                               wakes up.
                        The dog  in the black colour             wakes up.

(e)                    My aunt                                               walks.
                        My aunt without one leg                    walks.

(f)                    The soliders                                                     fired.              
                        The soliders from SPDC's army                   fired.              

(g)                    The dog                                                           runs.
                        The dog with a long tail                                 runs.

(h)                    The headmaster                                                           speaks.
(h)                    The headmaster from National High School                        speaks.

(i)                     My sister                                             sleeps. 
                        My sister against the wall                  sleeps. 

(j)                     My nephew                                         failed.
                        My nephew near Casino                    failed.

3.         Noun    +         Linking Verb             +          Adjective

(a)        My parents                                          are       poor.
            My parents without employment      are       poor.

(b)        The military junta                                is          wicked.
            The military junta from Burma                     is          wicked.

(c)        My brother                                          is          bad.
            My brother in the dirty dress is          bad.

(d)       My uncle                                                         becomes ill.
            My uncle under heavy rain                           becomes ill.

(e)        The tiger                                              seems   tame.
            The tiger near a cage                          seems   tame.

(f)        Monywa city                                       appears big.
            Monywa city in  upper Burma         appears big.

(g)        The room                                             looks    dirty.
            The room without sunshine               looks    dirty.

(h)        The man                                              feels     unhappy.
            The man  without money                   feels     unhappy.

(i)         My wife                                              got       better.
            My wife with long hair                      got       better.

(j)         The old man                                                    keeps   fit.
            The old man with a green shirt                     keeps   fit.

4.         Noun    +         Linking  Verb  +        Noun

(a)        My mother                                          was      a teacher.
            My mother in an old blue dress         was      a teacher.

(b)        My brother                                          is          a student.
            My brother out side the campus        is          a student.

(c)        U Ne Win                                is          a dictator.
            U Ne Win in Burma              is          a dictator.

(d)       The villager                             becomes a revolutionary.
            The villager without weapon becomes a revolutionary.

(h)        My father                                was      a staff.
            My father inside the office     was      a staff.

(i)         The student                             becomes fighter.
            The student from my school becomes fighter.         

Adjective  Clause

Relative Pronouns

          vl           -                      who     -Subject
                        -                       whom  -Object
                        -                       whose  -Possessive (ydkifqdkifr_)
vl/ t&m0wWK        -                       that      -
t&m0wWK/ wd&pQmef -                       which  -
ta=umif;t&m      -                       what    -

Pattern - I

Adjective Clause

1. (A)   The postman                                       delivered                     the letters. ( P-1)
               NOUN                                                 VERB                        NOUN

    (B) The postman who took a bicycle         delivered the letters.
                                  Adjective Clause

2. (A) The leader                                 led                   the democratic struggle. ( P-1)
             NOUN                                 VERB                           NOUN

     (B) The leader whom we loved     led                   the democratic  struggle.
                             Adjective Clause


3. (A) The villagers                                         swim. ( P-2)

         NOUN                                    VERB

    (B) The villagers whose bodies are strong swim.

                              Adjective Clause


4. (A) Thai society                              has become                  active in human rights. ( P-3)

               NOUN                                 L-VERV                     ADJ

    (B) Thai society that suffered from the military coups has become active in human rights.

5.  (A) The people                               are                   heroes( P-4)
          NOUN                                     L-VERB             NOUN                       

     ( B) The people who fight for national independence struggle are heroes.

                                                Adjective Clause

Nouns in Apposition

Bogyoke Aung San                                        led the struggle for independence. ( P-1)
Bogyoke Aung San, our national leader,     led the struggle for independence.

Maung Maung                     is a postman.
Maung Maung, my friend, is a postman.

U Myint Thein                        becomes active.

Adjective  Clause
Relative Pronouns

1.(a) The Slorc                                                 stages a military coup.
   (b)The Slorc which comprises stupid genernals    stages a military coup.

2.(a) The robbers                                             kidnap the girl.
   (b) The robbers who take the guns             kidnap the girl.

3.(a) The solider                                              rapes my sister.
   (b) The solider who belongs to the  Slorc   rapes my sister.

4.(a) The woman                                                         borns two childs.
   (b) The woman that stays in my residence             borns two childs.

5.(a) My sister                                                             studies the course.
   (b) My sister whose major subject is computer    studies the course.

6.(a) The tiger                                                              killed the villager.
   (b) The tiger which stayed near the village            killed the villager.

7. (a) The students                                          fight the unjustic law.
    (b) The students whom the people loved fight the unjustic law.

8.(a) The police                                   arrests a thief.
   (b) The police who gets the price    arrests a thief.

9.(a) My friend                                                                                    takes a book.
   (b) My friend that studies english in the same class with me       takes a book.

10.(a) The ABSDF                                          protests the rights of people.      
     (b) The ABSDF which is very active       protests the rights of people.      

Nouns in Apposition

1.(a) The Slorc                                                 stages a military coup.
   (b) The Slorc, a group of foolish generals,                        stages a military coup.

2.(a) The robber                                                           kidnaps the girl.
   (b) The robber, a member of Bo Aung Din gang, kidnaps the girl.

3.(a) The solider                                              rapes my sister.
   (b) The solider, a villager in this village,    rapes my sister.

4.(a) The woman                     borns two childs.
   (b) The woman , my aunt,   borns two childs.

5.(a) My sister                         studies the course.
   (b) My sister, a pretty girl,  studies the course.

6.(a) The tiger                          killed a villager.
   (b) The tiger, a cruel one,    killed a villager.

7. (a) The students                                          fight the unjustic law.
    (b) The students, the progressive youths, fight the unjustic law.

8.(a)  U Mg Mg                       arrests a thief.
   (b) U Mg Mg,  the police,   arrests a thief.

9.(a) My friend                                takes a book.
   (b) My friend, a sincere person, takes a book.

10.(a) The ABSDF                                          protests the rights of people.      
     (b) The ABSDF, a most popular student organization in Burma,        protests the      rights of people.      

Adjective  Clause
Relative Pronouns
& Nouns in Apposition

1.   (a) The old woman                                  works for her children.
      (b) The old woman who is my mother  works for her children.
      (c) The old woman, a lovely mother,    works for her children.

2.   (a) The teacher                              punished a pupil.
      (b) The teacher whom we hated  punished a pupil.
      (c) The teacher, a member of roughly teacher group,  punished a pupil.

3.   (a) The doctor cures a patient.
      (b) The doctor that is junier  cures a patient.
      (c) The doctor, Mg Than Gae, cures a patient.

4.   (a) The servant                                          cuts a firewood.
      (b) The servant that is very helpful for us cuts a firewood.
      (c) The servant, a very clever person, cuts a firewood.

5.   (a) My lover sent a chit.
      (b) My lover whom I adored very much sent a chit.
      (c) My lover, a girl with a smiling face, sent a chit.

6.   (a) The solider killed a refugee.
      (b) The solider whom was arrested by the KNU killed a refugee.
      (c) The solider, a member of the Slorc, killed a refugee.

7.   (a) Ko Brian made a table.
      (b) Ko Brian who studies in Medical collage made a table.
      (c) Ko Brian, a most popular doctor in our party,  made a table.

8.   (a) My sister washes the clothes.
      (b) My sister whose shirt is red washes the clothes.
      (c) My sister, a very industrious lady, washes the clothes.

9.   (a) The man bought one kg of pork.
      (b) The man whom we respected bought one kg of pork.
      (c) The man, a very clever cook,  bought one kg of pork.

10. (a) The driver calls  his handleman.
      (b) The driver who drinks liquor everyday  calls his handleman.
      (c) The driver, a drunkard in driver association, calls his handleman.

11. (a) The white cat bites a mouse.
      (b) The white cat  which comes from my neighbour' house bites a mouse.
      (c) The white cat, a clever one,    bites a mouse.

12. (a) The man kisses a woman.
      (b) The man who is captain of our football team kisses a woman.
      (c) The man, a family member of my teacher,   kisses a woman.

13. (a) The fat cow drinks water.
      (b) The fat cow which brought from other village drinks water.
      (c) The fat cow, a blue colour one , drinks water.

14. (a)  My father  read a newspaper.
      (b)  My father who works in the national  bank  read a newspaper.
      (c)  My father, a manager of national bank, read a newspaper.

15. (a) The dealer counts money.
      (b) The dealer whose car is yellow colour counts money.
      (c) The dealer, a richest person in our town,  counts money.

16. (a) The journalist writes an article.
      (b) The journalist who expresses voice of the people  writes an article.
      (c) The journalist, a  very active member of journalist association, writes an article.

17. (a) The artist draws a picture.
      (b) The artist who teaches us draws a picture.
      (c) The artist, an owner of the largest studio, draws a picture.

18. (a) The drunkard kicked a dog.
      (b) The drunkard that drank more kicked a dog.
      (c) The drunkard, a member of poor family kicked a dog.
19. (a) My mother cleans the room.
      (b) My mother whose dress is green colour cleans the room.
      (c) My mother, a generous lady in our family, cleans the room.

20. (a)  The man carried a dog. 
      (b)  The man who drove a car carried a dog.  
      (c)  The man, my uncle, carried a dog. 

Date, 10th May 1997.
Modification of Nouns

by Noun to Noun, Noun (of) Noun, Adjective, Adjective Phrase, Adjective Clause and Nouns in Apposition

Order of the Adverb phrases
1. Adverb Phrase of Place
2. Adverb Phrase of Manner
3. Adverb Phrase of Time

He went        to Rangoon           by train           in the last week of December.
                        Place                  Manner                   Time

Noun to Noun

Example          Mango tree, Doctor Aung kyaw Oo, Human Rights Lawyer, Heart                                                 Specialist, Tuberclosis Hospital

Noun (of) Noun        

Example          The cover
                        The cover of the book
                        The headman
                        The headman of the village
                        The soldiers
                        The soldiers of the SLORC's troop
                        The chairman
                        The chairman of the ABSDF

Exercise (Noun to Noun)
                     Photo shop, English book, rice cooker, paddy field, car road,
                           karen people, sewing machine, children park, New York city,
                           Burmses langue.


Exercise (Noun of Noun)
                   The cap
                        The cap of police
                        The disk
                        The disk of My computer
                        The teacher
                        The teacher of High school
                        The child
                        The child of my sister
                        The officer
                        The officer of the  Delhi development Dept.
                        The prime minister
                        The prime minister of the India.
                        The leader
                        The leader of the Burma.
                        The doctor
                        The doctor of AIIM hospital.

1. The headman                         obeyed the orders.
    The headman of the village obeyed the orders of the student army.
    The sincere headman of the village obeyed the necessary orders of the student army.  
    The sincere headman of the village in Kyeik Hto township obeyed the necessary orders of the student army that is fighting against the SLORC.

2. Ko Zin Naing suffered  from malaria disease.
    Ko Zin Naing, a leader of regional working group, who is bald-headed person  suffered  from malaria disease at Delhi.  
    Ko Zin Naing, a charismatic leader of regional working group, who is bald-headed person  suffered  from dangerous malaria disease at Delhi.  

3. The child plays the football.
    The child, son of my teacher,  plays the football in the garden.
     The short child, son of my teacher, who is the best football player plays the football in the garden.

4. The chairman of the ABSDF has  lunch. 
    The chairman of the ABSDF, Madalay medical college student, whom we trusted has lunch inside the office
    The intelligent chairman of the ABSDF, Madalay medical college student, whom we trusted has lunch inside the office

5. The man rides a bicycle.
    The  man with white short pant rides a bicycle made in Japan on the tar road with a hasty mannner. ( Adverb phrase of place and manner)

6. Ko Ye Htut sends a fax message.
    The  lawyer Ko Ye Htut, active member of the BLC, whose handwriting is so terrible sends a fax message from Imphal to Ko Aung Htoo.

7. The boy saw a girl.
    The rather fat boy, a student in class IX, who rode a motor-cycle saw a girl in front of the school yesterday morning.

8. The Lawyer went to downtown. ( Pattern 2)
    The sincere Lawyer Ko Aung Htoo, a leader of the ABSDF, whose computer is black colour went to downtown to attend a conference together with a MP in the morning..
9.  The students distributed the statements.
     The science students, active members of the students union, who were arrested by the police distributed the statements in front of the school in 1996.

10. The lady closes the door.
      The thin  honourable lady, a  wife of politician, whose child is clever closes the door near my house.

11.  My friend took my bag.
       My best friend, a goal keeper and student in this school, whom I believed took my bag behind the college yesterday.

12. The boy watches the TV.
      The tall boy, a son of my aunt, who studies in class II watches the TV in the room.

13.  The machanic repairs a copier machine.
       The popular machanic,a member of my nabouring family, who is good in relation with other people repairs a copier machine inside his shop.

14. The solider raped a Mon girl.
      The foolish solider of SLORC's troop, who took a gun raped a Mon girl beside the village in Mudon township, Mon state, last month.

15. We went to U Ramjeet's residence.
      We, active members of the ABSDF, who have been struggling for Democracy went to U Ramjeet's residence  at Vikaspuri in New Delhi in the morning.

16. The rickshaw driver lost two Rupees.
      The poor rickshaw driver who is a prolectariet lost two Rupees on the way last night.

17. The woman searched for her daughter.
      The pretty woman, my school teacher, whom we loved searched for her daughter who won the first prize in the school.

18. My father earns money.
      My lovely father, a broker in our town, whom we relied on earns money for us every day.

19. I  drink a glass of juice.
      I, a smart student of computer training school, drink a glass of juice inside the house in this evening.

20.  The demonstrators burnt U Ne Win's photo.
        The angry demonstrators, local peoples of Rangoon,  who are struggling for their rights burnt U Ne Win's photo in Burma.

11th May 1997.


Adverb Clause of Purpose

To + Infinitive + Complement

- to take exercise
- to sit for the exam
- to learn English
- to prepare for my trip
- to struggle for democracy

Pattern (1)

Example: t
I made a table to use it in the kitchen.
The students wrote a proposal to submit to the funding agency.
The NUCB leaders convened a meeting to draw up a political program.
The work group of the ABSDF collected the suggestions from the members to hold a training.


1. The man rides a bicycle to go to Vikaspuri.
2. The student learns English to promote his knowledge.
3. We fought against the SLORC to achieve Democracy and Human Rights in Burma. 
4. I write a letter to send it to my mother.
5. My father earns money to solve the question of daily survival.
6. He changes the dress to take a bath.
7. The Burmese Army tortured the students to oppress the struggle for democracy.
8. I meet the villager inside Burma to collect the news and information.
9. The ABSDF collected the news on human rights abuses from inside Burma to distribute them all over the world.           
10.  The leader of the NCUB attended the UN conference to organize the international community.

---------Sentence --------------------- so that ----------------Sentence------------------

He made an effort so that he could achieve his objective.
My uncle saved money so that he could purchase a plot of land.
The committee drew up a draft constitution so that the people got a constitutional knowledge.



Because of the rain, I cannot go outside.
He suffered from headache because of malaria.
Because of the oppression of the SLORC, the people were in trouble.
My friend failed in the examination because of his laziness.


1. He won the first prize because of his attempt.
2. The police arrested the student because of being a member of Burmese Communist Party.
3. Because of  being raped by the Slorc's solider, the girl died.
4. The man takes his child to the hospital, because of the car accident.
5. The teacher beats a student, because of his bad nature.
6. Because of being lack of communication, I don't know the current situation in this area.
7. The old man can't eat meat because of poverty.
8. Because of landslide, we did not go to that place.
9. We can not operate the computer because of lack of electricity.
10. I could not catch up the train because of being late.


He failed in the examination because/as  he didn't try hard.
Because/as the ABSDF has lack of enough arms and ammunition, it cannot fight the enemy effectively.

1. The Slorc can not rule the Burma because/as it does not get the support of Burmese people.
2. The NLD won the 1990 election because/as  it can organize the Burmese people very well.
3. We can not send a fax message because/as the fax machine doesn't work.
4. I left for Burma because/as the Slorc issued an order to arrest me.
5. The student can not continue his study in college because/as his family is so poor.
6. The karen people were homeless because/as the Slorc's troops burnt down their villages.
7. We can not stay in New Delhi because/as it is very hot in summer.
8. The child is crying because/as he was beaten by her mother.
9. The boy is happy because/as  he gets the toy from his mother.
10. Because/as the Burmese people have no rights to freedom, they are angry with the Slorc.


Due to his serious illness, he could not attend the class.
Due to heavy burden of tax, the farmers in Burma got poor.
Due to his efforts to convince the NGOs, his proposal to buy a computer was accepted by the OSI.


Given the fact that the weather is very hot, I can't go outside.
Given the fact that the DKBA attacked the refugee villages, the people along the border area were worried about their security.
Given the fact that Ko Bran went to the CNF area to provide a medical training, Zaw Zaw couldn't withdraw money from the bank.


1. Given the fact that I came to Delhi to carry a computer, Ko Thein was difficult to run   the xerox shop.
2. Given the fact that  the Slorc is forcing  Christian Naga people to convert into    Buddhism in Burma, they are in trouble.
3. Given the fact that the India Army handovered six Burmese soliders to the Burmese Army, they would be killed definitely.
4. Given the fact that the Slorc' troop forced the Chin people to work as a violenty labour in Tunzan towship, Chin state, Burma, they had to escape into India.   
 5. Given the fact that he is a lazy boy, he failed in the exam.
6. Given the fact that the 100 years-old man takes exercise everyday, he lives longer .
7. Given the fact that I killed a dog, my father beat me.
8. Given the fact that  the man could  not sleep lastnight, he suffered from headache.
9. Given the fact that I am a computer student, I can operate computer.
10. Given the fact that the students boycott exam, some of the students were arrested by Burmese Army.

1. Due to loss of password, I could not run e-mail account.
2. Due to lack of payment for the phone bill, the telephone was cut out by the telephone office.
3. Due to my experience, I know how to do.
4. Due to his ugly face, he didn't win the heart of a girl.
5. Due to my commitment, I continue for the struggle of democracy.
6. Due to the support of Burmese people, the NLD party won the 1990 election.
7. Due to the assistance of the Indian Government, we can stay here safely.
8. Due to train accident, he does not arrive in time.
9. Due to the teaching of Saya Ko Aung Htoo, My English language has improved.
10. Due to the  torture of Burmese Army, the Mon people are leaving for Thailand as refugees. 

I try hard so that I become an engineer.


1. We escaped to India so that we could continue our struggle.
2. Ko Zin  went to Vikaspuri so that he could sleep there.
3. We fought against the Slorc so that the Burmese people liberate.
4. The Slorc's troops oppressed the Mon people so that they left thier homes.
5. Ko Zin is cooking food so that  I study English.
6. I came to New Delhi so that I studied computer course.
7. We went to P.R Verma residence so that we asked for his help to get a visa.
8.  The two doctors went to CNF camp so that they could give a medcial training.
9. Ko Hla Htay did not know how to come to Delhi so that he met Ko Aung Hto.
10. The international community support the Burmese people  to acheive democracy and human rights in Burma so that we can overthrow the Slorc.

12th May 1997.

                " If - Clause "

If Ko Brian comes back, I will buy a computer.
If Ko Brian came back, I would buy a computer.
If Ko Brian had come, I would have bought a computer.


1. If Ko Zin Naing comes back, we will have a lunch.
    If Ko Zin Naing came back, we would have a lunch.
    If Ko Zin Naing had come, we would have a lunch.

2. If Ko Aung Htoo leaves for BKK, I will send him to Airport.
    If Ko Aung Htoo leaved for BKK, I would
3. If Burma gets freedom, I will get back to my home.
4. If there is no longer a military rule in Burma, the Burma will not have a civil war.
5. If Burma gets  peace, I will continue my study.
6. If I am a millioner, I will provide all my money to the democratic forces to restore democracy and human rights in Burma.
7. If I have  enough money, I will travel to all popular places in the world.
8. If  Daw Suu rules Burma, it will develop as an industrial country.
9. If Bo Aung San is still alive, Burma will not reach LDC status.
10. If the man is an officer of the Slorc, he will be rich quickly.

Present Participle

Without  V- ing
After      V- ing

Without taking a bath, he went outside.
Without having money, he prepared for his trip.
Without obtaining the assistance of the international community, we cannot achieve our objective.

After listening to the radio, the students did homework.
After receiving the instruction from Ko Bran, I made a plan to set up an e.mail.
After meeting with the Chin people, I agreed to translate the draft constitution into Chin language.


1. Without studying, he can know nothing.
2. Without eating, we can not live longer.
3. Without asking, you can not get his idea.
4. Without doing home work ,he went to school.
5. Without announcing, the Slorc held the national convation.
6. Without trying hard, I became a graduate.

8. Without getting assistance of India government, we held a medical training.
9. Without organizing the Burmese people, the Slorc's party, National Unity Party, contested an election.
10. Without seeing a tiger, the villagers ran away.
11. Without having a job, he bought a TV.

1. After reading the artical, I know that U Ne Win involved in the assassination of Bo Aung San.
2. After listening to his speech, I know that he is the secretary of the BLC.
3. After oppressing the 88 demonstration, the Burmese Army staged a military coup.
4. After arriving at New Delhi, I spent all my money.
5. After leaving Saya Ko Aung Htoo, I continued my study.
6. After having a lunch, we went to Vikas Puri.
7. After acheiving democracy in Burma, the Burmese people promote their ideology.

9. After meeting Ko Hla Htay and some leaders from Indo-Burma  border, they formed the ABSDF (Western-Burma) successfully.
10. After  sitting on the chair, I operate the computer.      
11. After killing a chicken, he cooked food for dinner.
12. After drawing up a picture, the artist sold it.
13. After taking bath, she goes to school.
14. After closing the door, we slept.
15. After taking a rest, she washed the clothes.


Carrying a basket, my mother entered the kitchen.
Crying loudly, the boy ran across the field.
Covering her face, she cried sorrowfully.


1. Taking his bag, he went to school.
2. Writing a letter, the man drank a cup of coffee.
3. Drinking a glass of water, she told him.
4. Singing a song, the girl danced  beautifully.
5. Doing a job, he sang a song.
6. Studying a computer course, I stayed three months in Delhi.
7. Staying in the Manipur state, he  marriaged her. 
8. Working in my party, I became a man.
9. Earning the money, her father died.
10. Watching the TV, he passed lastnight. 


I believed that ----------------------------------------------------.
I am confident that ----------------------------------------------
It was obvious that he made a mistake.
It was terrible that he killed his own brother.
The hunter said that he had seen a dragon in the jungle.
The headman said that all the villagers had to work as the voluntary labour. 


1. I belived that he became a doctor.
2. I am confident that the Burma get the freedom.
3. I am confident that she love me a lot.
4. It was obvious that Daw Suu got a Novel peace prize.
5. It was obvious that the Slorc made a alliance with drug lord Khun Sa.
6. It was terrible that the Slorc' soliders raped their own citizens.
7. It was terrible that the
8. Ko Zin Zaing said that he had taken Rs.500 From my wellet.
9. Daw Suu said that the Burmese Army arrested  five active members NLD party.
10. The man said that he already bought phone instrument.  


---------------- so  ( adjective )  that -------------------------------------

The weather was so hot that I could not go outside.
She was so ugly that I didn't love her.
The question was so difficult that I could not sit for the examination.

1. He was so angry that  Ko Thein had already order to buy phone instrument without his suggestion.
2. The situation was so bad that The refugees have no food for eating.
3. The phone was not so clear that I could not access to Internet.
4. The train was so crash that he could  not go  to
5. The dog was so wild that I gave it other people. 
6. The shirt was so dirty that he worn for one week.
7. The man was so fat that I could not carry him.
8. The girl was so pretty that I  loved her.
9. The chicken dish was so tasty that I like it.
10. The cloth was so dirty that I washed it.


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